Defense


Defense
   The function of national defense was developed in con nection with the process of state formation. During the Revolt of the Netherlands against Spain, previous strategies were outdated and had to be changed. The crucial strategic importance of fortified towns had become obvious. Stadtholders Prince Maurice and Count William Louis (Willem Lodewijk) and their military advisors, such as Simon Stevin, adapted their tactics; for example, Prince Frederick Henry, a successful military leader, earned the epithet Stedendwinger (“Con queror of Towns”). During the 17th century, the navy became an im portant instrument in defending the mercantile interests of the Re public; several wars were fought at sea against the English rivals. The army and fleet consisted mostly of mercenaries who could be disbanded after the campaign. Aprofessional army and military ser vice were phenomena that did not appear until after the 18th century. Although a foreign policy of neutrality was successfully followed (until the German invasion in 1940), the Netherlands still required a solid army for its wars of “pacification” in the colonies, especially in the Netherlands East Indies(e.g., the Java War of 1825–1830 or the Aceh Warof 1873–1914). Since 1949 the Dutch Army has been part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
   See also Dutch water line; Fortresses.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • defense — de·fense /di fens, dē ˌfens/ n 1: the act or action of defending see also self defense 2 a: the theory or ground that forms the basis for a defendant s opposition to an allegation in a complaint or to a charge in a charging instrument (as an… …   Law dictionary

  • Defense — Défense Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Defense — or defence (see ce/ se) may refer to: Tactics and strategy of defending against attack Defense (military) Defense (sports) Defender (association football) Defenceman (ice hockey) Biological defense (disambiguation) a Chess opening as created in… …   Wikipedia

  • defense — de ne faire quelque chose, Vetatio. Defense, ou menace, Interdictum. Defense qu on fait pour soy, Causae dictio. Defense contre les ennemis, Propugnatio, Tutamentum, Munimentum, Presidium, Defensio. Defense de soy, Tuitio sui. Defense contre… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • defense — DEFENSE. sub. f. Protection, soutien, appui qu on donne à quelqu un contre ses ennemis, à quelque chose contre ceux qui l attaquent. Prendre les armes pour la défense de son Pays, de la Religion. S armer pour la commune défense, pour sa propre… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Defense — De*fense , Defence De*fence , n. [F. d[ e]fense, OF. defense, fem., defens, masc., fr. L. defensa (cf. LL. defensum), from defendere. See {Defend}, and cf. {Fence}.] 1. The act of defending, or the state of being defended; protection, as from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • defense — Defense. s. f. Soustien, protection, appuy. Prendre les armes pour la defense de son pays, de la Religion. s armer pour la commune defense. la defense de sa cause. prendre la defense de l innocent. se mettre en defense, pour dire, Se mettre en… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • defense — c.1300, forbidding, prohibition, also action of guarding or protecting, from O.Fr. defense, from L. defensus, pp. of defendere ward off, protect (see DEFEND (Cf. defend)). But it also arrived (without the final e) from O.Fr. defens, from L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • defense — [dē fens′, difens′; ] also, and for n.6 usually, [dē′fens΄] n. [ME < OFr < LL defensa < fem. of L defensus, pp. of defendere] 1. the act or power of defending, or guarding against attack, harm, or danger 2. the fact or state of being… …   English World dictionary

  • defense — FINANCE LAW the American spelling of defence * * * defense UK US /dɪˈfens/ noun US spelling of ► DEFENCE(Cf. ↑defence) …   Financial and business terms

  • Défense N.B.C. — ● Défense N.B.C. défense contre les effets des armes nucléaires, biologiques et chimiques, appelées autrefois armes spéciales …   Encyclopédie Universelle